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家庭法是由与家庭或其他个人关系有关的所有法律事务组成的法律。它包括家庭中出现的法律问题,如继承、收养、婚姻、离婚、分割等。为此澳法评作者们撰写了有效遗嘱,继承手续,婚前财产分割,申请离婚,子女抚养,家暴保护令等文章帮助读者深入了解家庭法。

在离婚案件中,如何解决低于50万澳元的财产纠纷? 什么是PPP500?| 澳法评

2021.09.02 | Luna | #家庭法
在澳洲很多离婚案件中,经常会出现夫妻双方并没有很多共同财产的情况。举例来说,若夫妻双方的共有资产大约为40万澳元,包括一辆车和存款。在正在进行财产分割的诉讼中,双方要付的所有诉讼相关费用加起来可能会到5万澳元甚至更多。这些费用主要包括律师费用,法院费用,以及财产价值评估等等。并且整个诉讼程序可能需要耗时半年以上。
什么是PPP500?
为了更加有效率和节省分割财产的费用,澳洲也有类似于中国小额诉讼程序的制度,即Priority Property Pools under $500,000 cases(缩写为PPP500,即财产池低于$500,000案件)。从2020年3月1日起,澳大利亚联邦巡回法院(the Federal Circuit Court of Australia)在阿德莱德,布里斯班,墨尔本和帕拉马塔进行PPP500案件试点。PPP500 案件的依据是1975 年《家庭法》(Cth)第 79 条或第 90SM 条《家庭法》(可能适用)。PPP500 案件试点旨在通过提供一种解决财产纠纷的简化方式,对弱势当事人进行保护。通过将风险和法律成本降至最低的方法,最好的保护当事人的资产。

什么是PPP500?
PPP500适用范围
(1) 双方的净资产(包括退休金权益)少于$500,000或很可能少于$ 500,000 ;并且
(2) 没有任何一方拥有或有效控制可能需要估值或专家调查的实体(例如家族信托、公司或自我管理的养老基金);并且(3) 诉讼中的任何一方均不寻求以下命令(orders):

  • a. 根据《家庭法》第七部分的养育(parenting)或任何其他命令;或
  • b. 根据 1989 年儿童抚养费(评估)法和/或 1988 年儿童抚养费(登记和收款)法;或
  • c. 通过强制执行抚养义务或抚养费义务的命令。
PPP500申请诉讼程序
(1) 可以通过填写和提交Initiation Application(申请表)PPP500 Financial Summary Form (财产摘要)来启动PPP500诉讼程序。(2) 登记官(Registrars)会审查所有提交的申请,并在第一个开庭日期之前在作出命令(orders)来处理PPP500案件。


英文版

In many divorce cases in Australia, it often happens that both spouses do not have a lot of joint property. For example, if the parties’ joint assets are approximately A$400,000, including a car and deposits. However, if the two parties are in a lawsuit over the division of property, then all litigation-related costs that both parties have to pay may up to A$50,000 or more. These expenses mainly include solicitor’s and barrister’s fees, court fees, and property valuation fees, etc. And the entire litigation process may take more than half a year.
No.01
What is PPP500?
In order to be more efficient and save the cost of dividing property, Australia also has a system similar to China’s small claims procedure. Priority Property Pools under $500,000 cases (PPP500) is an application for alteration of property interests pursuant to section 79 of the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) (Family Law Act) or section 90SM Family Law Act (as may apply) filed after 1 March 2020 in the Pilot location. The Pilot operates in the following registries of the Federal Circuit Court of Australia: Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Parramatta.
No.02
PPP500’s scope of application
(1) the net property of the parties (including superannuation interests) is, or is likely to be, $500,000 or less, and(2) there are no entities (such as a family trust, company, or self-managed superannuation fund) owned or in the effective control of either party that might require valuation or expert investigation, and

(3) neither party in the proceedings seeks orders:

  • a. for parenting or any other order pursuant to Part VII of the Family Law Act
  • b. pursuant to the Child Support (Assessment) Act 1989  and/or the Child Support (Registration and Collection) Act 1988 , or
  • c. by way of an enforcement of an order or obligation whether a parenting or financial obligation.
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No.03
Commencing proceedings
(1) Proceedings can be commenced in a PPP500 matter with the filing of an Initiating Application and a PPP500 Financial Summary (form).(2) Registrars review all property only applications filed in order to provide early identification of PPP500 matters and make orders in chambers to progress the matter prior to the first court date.

Resources from: 
Information about Priority Property Pools under $500,000 caseshttp://www.federalcircuitcourt.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/fccweb/family-law-matters/property-and-finance/ppp500/ppp500-info 


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